Gardasil (HPV Vaccine) at CHOICES

Choices Women's Medical Center is happy to offer Gardasil, the only FDA-approved HPV vaccine to prevent cervical cancer and genital warts. This vaccine is available to women between the ages of 9 and 26 and can be given regardless of prior infection of HPV. 

What is Gardasil and what is it used for?

Gardasil is a vaccine (injection/shot) that helps protect against the following diseases caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Types in the vaccine (6, 11, 16, and 18):

  • Cervical cancer (cancer of the lower end of the uterus or womb).
  • Abnormal and precancerous cervical lesions.
  • Abnormal and precancerous vaginal lesions.
  • Abnormal and precancerous vulvar lesions.
  • Genital warts.

Gardasil helps prevent these diseases - but it will not treat them. You or your child cannot get these diseases from Gardasil.

What other key information about Gardasil should I know?

  • Vaccination does not substitute for routine cervical cancer screening. Women who receive Gardasil should continue cervical cancer screening.
  • As with all vaccines, Gardasil may not fully protect everyone who gets the vaccine.
  • Gardasil will not protect against diseases due to non-vaccine HPV types. There are more than 100 HPV types; Gardasil helps protect against 4 types (6, 11, 16, and 18). These 4 types have been selected for Gardasil because they cause approximately 70% of cervical cancers and 90% of genital warts.
  • This vaccine will not protect you against HPV types to which you may have already been exposed.
  • Gardasil also will not protect against other diseases that are not caused by HPV.

 Who can receive Gardasil?

Gardasil is for girls and women 9 through 26 years of age. *See "Who should not receive Gardasil?" below.

 Who should not receive Gardasil?
Anyone who is allergic to any of the ingredients in the vaccine. Our gynecologists will discuss this with you during your visit.

 What should I tell my Choices Provider before I am vaccinated or my child is vaccinated with Gardasil?

It is very important to tell your Choices Provider if you or your child:

  • has had an allergic reaction to the vaccine.
  • has a bleeding disorder and cannot receive injections in the arm.
  • has a weakened immune system, for example, due to a genetic defect or HIV infection.
  • is pregnant or is planning to get pregnant. Gardasil is not recommended for use in pregnant women.
  • has any illness with a fever more than 100°F (37.8°C).
  • takes or plans to take any medicines, even those you can buy over the counter.

 Your Choices Provider will decide if you or your child should receive the vaccine.

How is Gardasil given?

Gardasil is given as an injection.

You or your child will receive 3 doses of the vaccine. Ideally the doses are given as:

  • First dose: at a date you and your Choices Provider choose.
  • Second dose: 2 months after the first dose.
  • Third dose: 6 months after the first dose.

 Make sure that you or your child gets all 3 doses. This allows you or your child to get the full benefits of Gardasil. If you or your child misses a dose, your Choices Provider will decide when to give the missed dose.

What are the possible side effects of Gardasil?

As with all vaccines, there may be some side effects with GardasilGardasil has been shown to be generally well tolerated in women and girls as young as 9 years of age.

The most commonly reported side effects included:

  • pain, swelling, itching, and redness at the injection site.
  • fever.
  • nausea.
  • dizziness.

Difficulty breathing (bronchospasm) has been reported very rarely.

If you or your child has any unusual or severe symptoms after receiving Gardasil, contact your Choices Provider right away.

For a more complete list of side effects, ask your Choices Provider.

What are cervical cancer, precancerous lesions, and genital warts?

Cancer of the cervix is a serious disease that can be life-threatening. This disease is caused by certain HPV types that can cause the cells in the lining of the cervix to change from normal to precancerous lesions. If these are not treated, they can turn cancerous.

Genital warts are caused by certain types of HPV. They often appear as skin-colored growths. They are found on the inside or outside of the genitals. They can hurt, itch, bleed, and cause discomfort. These lesions are usually not precancerous. Sometimes, it takes multiple treatments to eliminate these lesions.

What is Human Papillomavirus (HPV)?

HPV is a common virus. In 2005, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimated that 20 million people in the United States had this virus. There are many different types of HPV; some cause no harm. Others can cause diseases of the genital area. For most people the virus goes away on its own. When the virus does not go away it can develop into cervical cancer, precancerous lesions, or genital warts, depending on the HPV type.

Am I at risk for Human Papillomavirus?

In 2005, the CDC estimated that at least 50% of sexually active people catch HPV during their lifetime. A male or female of any age who takes part in any kind of sexual activity that involves genital contact is at risk. Many people who have HPV may not show any signs or symptoms. This means that they can pass on the virus to others and not know it.

Will Gardasil help me if I already have HPV?

You may benefit from Gardasil if you already have HPV. This is because most people are not infected with all four types of HPV contained in the vaccine. In clinical trials, inpiduals with current or past infection with one or more vaccine-related HPV types prior to vaccination were protected from disease caused by the remaining vaccine HPV types. Gardasil is not intended to be used for treatment for the above mentioned diseases. Talk to your Choices Provider for more information.

 

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